Grace Montessori​​​​
​School
Quality Education and Childcare

Grade 5 Curriculum

Science
Inventions and inventors
Periodic table of the elements 
Parts of the atom 
Chemical symbols of elements 
Electricity
Seasons and climate change 
Pollution: air, water and land
Hands on gardening, types of soil and plants
Digestive, circulatory and respiratory systems 
Functioning of the human heart 
Food-chain, food groups 
Plant and animal classification
Classification of leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, stem and roots 
Plant kingdom 
Animal kingdom 
Invertebrates 
Ecology: Ecosystem 
Earth and its atmosphere
Language
Improving vocabulary and comprehension 
Parts of speech: all eight 
Types of sentences 
Transitive and intransitive verbs 
Tenses 
Sentence analysis and formation 
Written language including heraldry, calligraphy, illustration and illumination
Composition including factual writing, imaginative writing and style
Spoken language forms such as oral reports, speeches, debates, trials, poetry, dialogue and drama
Exploration of literature – (Great Books: Series 5)
Giving oral presentations 
Read-aloud and silent reading 
Reading comprehension skills (SRA reading program)
Figurative language: simile, metaphor, personification 
Using appropriate and effective research and organizational strategies in writing 
Peer review strategies 
Spelling and vocabulary development 
Mathematics
Whole numbers and decimals 
Rules of divisibility
Long division without material 
Squaring and cubing 
Operations with squares and cubes
Cubing binomials and trinomials
Extraction of square and cube roots
Ratio and proportions
Percentage 
Time, rate , interest and principal 
Intro to probability 
Factors: highest common factor and lowest common multiples
Data and graphs 
Introduction to algebra including balancing equations, solving for unknowns and word problems
Signed numbers including simple operations
Non-decimal bases including simple operations
Powers of numbers including expanded notation and simple operations
Geography and History
Map skills: land forms, continents, physical geography 
Mapping: Major cities around the world
Mapping: the 50 capitals and states 
Work of water (Work of the river including highlands and lowlands, names of rivers, towns and cities around rivers and valleys and canyons / Rains including erosion, earth pillars and ocean waves / Work of ice including glaciers and the water cycle)
Work of air 
Movement of the Earth’s crust 
Rock formation 
Mountain formation and fold and block mountains and kinds of faults
Early civilizations
Spread of vegetation
The development of timelines
Human Society (Interdependence of human beings in society / Economic geography / Geography nomenclature)
Migration 
American history 
Research project, giving oral presentations 
Geometry 
Number theory and fractions 
Addition of fractions and mixed numbers 
Subtractions and mixed numerals 
Multiplication and division of fractions and mixed numerals 
Tools of geometry
Measurement of angles 
Perimeter, area and volume 
Area and the formulas that derive area: triangles and circles 
Relationships of angles formed by parallel lines
Lines including kinds of lines, parts and positions of lines
Exploration of the Pythagorean theorem
Measurement including length, weight or mass, time, temperature and money
Nomenclature and construction of polyhedrons